Amritsar was founded in 1577 by the fourth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Ramdas Ji by laying the foundation of the Golden Temple. Amritsar means “The Tank of Nectar” or “The Tank of Immortality” and the district derives its name from the sacred tank in the Amritsar city. Originally, the city was known as Chak Guru Ramdas and later as Ramdas Pur.
Located in the North West region of India, Amritsar has now become a major commercial and cultural hub in the heart of Punjab. Sri Guru Ram Dass Ji International Airport is located at Raja Sansi, 11 km away from Amritsar City and serves as an international airport for the State. The district is known for its agricultural produce and manufacturing of pashmina shawls, serge, silk goods and carpets.
The development of the district is expected to increase over the years with the approval of the Master plan of Amritsar (2010-2031) along with the infrastructure development, promotion of industries and government initiatives. Under the new Industrial Policy of Punjab Government, investors in Amritsar would be given various fiscal incentives to speed up industrial development
Amritsar serves as a gateway for trade in Pakistan and Central Asia
Ludhiana is Punjab’s largest city based on population. With approximately ₹ 22,192 crore (US$ 4.4 bn) GDP in 2009-10, Ludhiana contributed 16 percent to Punjab’s GDP. The city is well known for its diverse industrial base comprising of:
- Cycle and auto manufacturing
- Woollens and hosiery
- Machine parts
- Industrial goods, among others
It also contributes significantly to the exports from the state and features among the top five contributors. It has been ranked as the number one place for doing business in India, by the World Bank in 2013. It is the first city in Punjab to get a multi-billion integrated development plan.
Ludhiana is also part of the Eastern Industrial corridor, which connects several cities from Punjab to West Bengal. This will further aid industrial growth by speedy transportation of goods or freight. Some of the recent initiatives in Ludhiana are:
- Improvement of public transport by introducing City Bus Service on PPP(Public-Private Partnerships) model
- Designing a comprehensive outdoor media advertisement and street furniture plan through M/s Mudra
- Technical study for water sector by World Bank
- Action plan for a slum-free city under RAY(Rajiv Awas Yojana)
Ajitgarh (formerly known as Mohali) is a city and a commercial hub lying adjacent to the city of Chandigarh in Punjab, India. It was officially named after the eldest son of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Sahibzada Ajit Singh (SAS Nagar, or "House of Sahibzada Ajit Singh"). Later in 2012 the name was shortened to Ajitgarh ("Fort of Sahibzada Ajit Singh“). However, the name Mohali has remained popular with the locals and tourists. Mohali, along with Chandigarh and Panchkula, forms a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. Carved out of the districts falling in Ropar and Patiala, Mohali came into existence on 14th April 2006 as the 18th district of Punjab.
Owing to its proximity to Chandigarh, Mohali’s city planning is synchronized with that of Chandigarh. With GDP of ₹ 6,500 crore (US$ 1.3 bn) in 2009-10, Mohali contributed almost 3.3 percent to Punjab’s GDP. Mohali has been touted as the next emerging Information Technology hub and is likely to enjoy same advantages as other prominent IT hubs in India.
Mohali has world renowned educational institutions including Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), National Institute of Nano-Technology (NINT), Indian School of Business (ISB), Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI) and National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education (NIPER). The establishment of Northern Indian Institute of Fashion Technology is expected boost the textile sector and the availability of manpower.
“Punjab’s historic and cultural destination”
The name Patiala is derived from Peer Patte Khan and Baba Ala Singh. Patiala, an erstwhile princely state, is a southeastern district of Punjab is the 4th largest district of Punjab.Patiala is also the 6th most populous district of Punjab.
Patiala was one of the first cities in India to get a degree college. It has emerged as a major education center in the state. The literacy rate, as per 2011 census, is 84.39% per cent.Thapar University, Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjabi University, Government Medical College, Patiala, and University College of Engineering are amongst the top Indian universities situated here.
A 1400MW thermal power plant is expected to commence operations in 2014 in Patiala. Government of Punjab has signed a MoU for increasing the capacity by 700MW adjacent to the current plant location.
The nearest domestic airport is Chandigarh Airport, which is approximately 62 km from the city.The city is famous for its traditional Turban, Paranda, Patiala Salwar, and Jutti.
“The urban hub of Punjab”
Jalandhar is a north western city of Punjab. It is situated 144 km northwest of the state capital, Chandigarh. It was the capital of Punjab before Chandigarh was built.
It is most famous for its sports goods industries. Jalandhar’s steel and iron re-rolling mills, rubber goods, surgical instruments, hand-tools, electric goods, automobile parts, sewing machine factories and handloom products are also well-known in the country.
Jalandhar has prominent educational institutes such as Lovely Professional University, Institute of Banking Services (IBS) and Guru Nanak Dev University. It has a high literacy rate of 85.46%.
It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road and is a major rail and road junction. The nearest airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport at Amritsar, about 75 km northwest of Jalandhar.
“Major industrial destination”
Bathinda, named after the Bhati Rajput kings, is one of the oldest cities in Punjab.
As a major industrial destination, it boasts of two modern thermal power plants (Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant & Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant), a fertilizer plant and the Guru Gobind Singh refinery. Guru Gobind Singh refinery has the annual capacity is nine million tons or 180,000 barrels per day.
Bathinda has major petrochemical plants, yarn & textiles Plants, and Sugar Mills. HMEL is building a Grassroots oil refinery there. Companies like Ambuja Cement, Ultra tec cement, Vardhman Polytex, Grasim Industries& National Fertilizer Ltd. have set up large scale unit in the district. Major exportable items from the district are Yarn and milk products.
Bathinda has a large railway junction connecting five railway lines. It also has one of the largest food grain and cotton markets in India.